BIRDS OF NEW ENGLAND AND EASTERN NEW YORK - HOFFMANN

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APPENDIX

A

LISTS OF BIRDS BREEDING IN THE THREE LIFE-ZONES OF NEW ENGLAND AND EASTERN NEW YORK

The lists given below are intended to show about what birds may be looked for in the breeding season in the regions defined in the map on p. 15. They must not, however, be taken too strictly; birds will sometimes appear side by side that belong to wholly different groups. Particularly is this true of the upland of western and central New England, which is an ornithological borderland. (See Distribution, p. 13.) Moreover, the exact distribution of birds in certain regions is not yet well known; southern Vermont is still quite unexplored. But if no local list is obtainable (see Appendix B), then these lists will enable a student to make a tentative list of birds to be looked for. The lists include only such water-birds as breed commonly inland, and only the commoner hawks and owls.

I

BIRDS RESTRICTED TO THE UPPER AUSTRAL ZONE.

a. North to the Palisades, Staten Island, or Central Park.

Tufted Titmouse.
Carolina Wren.
Kentucky Warbler..
Cardinal.

b. Up the Hudson to Sing Sing.

Green-crested Flycatcher.

c. Locally in southern Connecticut as far east as Saybrook and north to Hartford.

Hooded Warbler.
Blue-winged Warbler.
Worm-eating Warbler.
Rough-winged Swallow.
Fish Crow (not west or north of Stratford).

d. Salt Marshes to Point Judith, R. I.

Seaside Sparrow.

e. To Rhode Island and to Berkshire County, Mass.

Louisiana Water-thrush (local in the eastern and northern portions of its range).

f. T. Berkshire and Essex counties, Mass.

Local north or east of southern Connecticut.

Yellow-breasted Chat.
White-eyed Vireo (barely reaches Berkshire County).
Orchard Oriole.

II

BIRDS OCCURRING IN THE UPPER AUSTRAL, AND FINDING THEIR NORTHERN BREEDING LIMIT IN THE TRANSITION ZONE.

a. Barely reaching southeastern New Hampshire; not occurring in Berkshire County.

Absent near New York city.

Prairie Warbler.
Golden-winged Warbler.

b. Found north of Massachusetts only in large river valleys.

Wood Thrush (occasional outside of the valleys).
Yellow-throated Vireo.
Meadowlark.
Yellow-billed Cuckoo.
Ruffed Grouse (this subspecies not found north of Massachusetts).

c. Absent in New Hampshire from the valleys of the White Mountains.

The following lists are a little altered from those given in G. M. Allen's Birds of New Hampshire.

House Wren (occasional north of the White Mountains).
Pine Warbler (absent near New York city).
Yellow Warbler.
Purple Martin.
Towhee.
Henslow's Sparrow. (Apparently absent from Maine).
Grasshopper Sparrow (Apparently absent from Maine).
Crow Blackbird.
Cowbird.
Bobolink.
Sparrow Hawk.
Red-shouldered Hawk.
Marsh Hawk.
Quail.
Upland Plover.
Green Heron.

d. Breeding well up into the valleys of the White Mountains.

Bluebird.
White-bellied Nuthatch.
Brown Thrasher.
Catbird.
Warbling Vireo.
Migrant Shrike.
Scarlet Tanager.
Indigo Bunting
Field Sparrow.
Chipping Sparrow.
Vesper Sparrow.
Baltimore Oriole.
Red-winged Blackbird.
Prairie Horned Lark.
Least Flycatcher.
Phæbe.
Crested Flycatcher.
Kingbird.
Flicker.
Nighthawk.
Whip-poor_will.
Screech Owl.

III

BIRDS FOUND THROUGHOUT THE UPPER AUSTRAL AND TRANSITION ZONES, AND ALSO IN THE CANADIAN ZONE


Robin.
Veery.
Chickadee.
Redstart.
Maryland Yellow-throat.
Oven-bird.
Black and White Warbler.
Red-eyed Vireo.
Cedar-bird.
Bank Swallow.
Tree Swallow.
Barn Swallow.
Cliff Swallow.
Rose-breasted Grosbeak.
Swamp Sparrow.
Song Sparrow.
American Goldfinch.
American Crow.
Blue Jay
Wood Pewee.
Ruby-throated Hummingbird.
Chimney Swift.
Belted Kingfisher.
Black-billed Cuckoo.
Spotted Sandpiper.

IV

BIRDS FOUND IN THE TRANSITION AND CANADIAN ZONES, BUT RARE OR ABSENT FROM SOUTHERN CONNECTICUT AND THE VICINITY OF NEW YORK CITY.

Nashville Warbler.
Solitary Vireo (rare in the Transition Zone).
Savannah Sparrow.
Purple Finch.
Olive-sided Flycatcher (rare in the Transition Zone).
Hairy Woodpecker (rather uncommon near New York city).
Canadian Ruffed Grouse (absent south of Massachusetts).

V

BIRDS NOT FOUND SOUTH OF THE CANADIAN ZONE.

a. Throughout the Canadian Zone.

Olive-backed Thrush.
Golden-crowned Kinglet.
Red-bellied Nuthatch.
Winter Wren.
Myrtle Warbler.
Junco.
White-throated Sparrow.

b. Only in part of the Canadian Zone. Not found in the White Mountains above 3000 feet.

Brown Creeper.
Canadian Warbler.
Mourning Warbler.
Water-thrush.
Blackburnian Warbler.
Black and Yellow Warbler.
Black-throated Blue Warbler.
American Crossbill.
Alder Flycatcher.
Northern Pileated Woodpecker.
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker.

c. Only in the upper or northern part of the Canadian Zone. In the White Mountains above 3000 feet, and in northern and eastern Maine.

Bicknell's Thrush.
Hudsonian Chickadee
Wilson's Warbler (only in eastern and northern Maine).
Yellow Palm Warbler (only in eastern and northern Maine).
Black-poll Warbler.
Bay-breasted Warbler (on the White Mountains as low as 1800 feet).
Cape May Warbler.
Tennessee Warbler.
Pine Siskin.
White-winged Crossbill.
Canadian Pine Grosbeak.
Rusty Blackbird (only in northern and eastern Maine).
Canada Jay.
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher.
American Three-toed Woodpecker.
Arctic Three-toed Woodpecker.
Canadian Spruce Partridge.


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